Varicose Veins

Everything you need to know

About veins

Veins serve a very important role in the body. Veins can be described as the highways inside your body with blood being the vehicles. Blood is carried throughout the body inside of the veins. Blood picks up old oxygen and then returns to the heart and the lungs to drop off the carbon dioxide that it gathered and to be dispersed by the heart valves. When the body is active it is using much more blood then compared to when the body is at rest. Veins hold the extra blood that the body isn't in need of and stores it for when the body is back into motion. Just like some towns have to have bigger highways in order to transport the people inside of their city, the body has different size veins to transport the blood. The veins that are at the center of the body are much larger than the veins that are found in fingers and toes. Veins also change size based on how deep into the tissue they are located. A vein at the top of the skin is going to be much more small than what is called a deep vein, which would be located deep into the tissues. 

Varicose & spider veins

Veins carry oxygen in your blood all throughout your body parts, but most specifically they carry blood and oxygen to your heart and lungs. Varicose veins are veins that have become twisted and have blood pooling inside of their bends. This pooling can cause aches and pains to be felt by the body. The twisting occurs when vein valves or the walls of the veins become weak or by inflammation. Varicose veins are not going to become harmful to your body most of the time. There are very few times when varicose veins are a threat to your health. If symptoms are caused by the veins there are treatment options that will need to be pursued to help alleviate the pain that is associated with the vein problem. Surgery and other non-invasive options exist to remove the pain that they symptoms may be causing. 

Causes of Varicose & spider veins

While it is not completely known what causes varicose or spider veins, sometimes weak valves can be to blame. When the valves that regulate the blood flow inside of the veins are not working properly too much blood can be released without anywhere to go. As the blood tries to regulate itself, the veins become over full and the blood begins to pool inside of the vein walls causing varicose veins to be formed. 


Most of the time people affected by varicose veins do not have any symptoms to report other than cosmetics irritations. However, commonly symptoms can include:

  • Aching 
  • Cramping 
  • Itching 
  • Swelling 
  • Fatigue

The pressure build up from the pooled blood can cause aches and dull pain in the legs of the victims. Itching and swelling can be caused from the additional pressure and blood storage that you feel in the affected veins. 

Treatment Options

There are multiple different options that can be considered when looking for ways to treat varicose and spider veins. There are treatment option that vary in procedure complexity as well as recovery time. These procedures should be carefully looked over to decide which is the best fit for the level and type of vein problem being experienced. Treatments could look anything like the following list: 

  • elevating your legs to allow the blood that is pooled to flow more effortlessly 
  • wearing tight compression socks
  • sclerotherapy treatments 
  • ablation of abnormal veins 
  • surgically removing veins 

While treatment isn't necessary, if the patient is struggling with the cosmetic downsides of having varicose veins, there are treatments available to remove the veins from their body without an invasive surgery. 



Sclerotherapy is a new technique used to treat varicose veins right inside the doctors office. During the treatment, a small needle filled a a sterile foam solution will be injected int he veins that need to be treated. As the veins begin to fill with the foam, the blood that was pooled inside the twisted veins begins to move out of the area and find it's way into other vein channels. The patient should see instant results as the blood begins to move out of the vein, however, the veins do not disappear with one treatment. Most patients require 3-4 treatments of sclerotherapy in order to have the vein close and disappear. As the treatments progress, the blood will continue to establish itself in new channels and the old varicose vein will vanish. Sclerotherapy is a rather painless treatment that is easy to recover from. Most patients will only feel a light amount of pinching or burning while the solution is pushed through the veins. The pain should only last seconds to a few minutes and they should be able to leave the office with very little to no pain remaining.